June 17, 2014 - by

November, 1998

The Interpreter, FSU Office of Compliance

Interpreter Archives

Welcome to the on-line version of the Interpreter, the official newsletter of The Florida State University Office of Compliance. The Interpreter is a monthly publication covering current events pertaining to rules compliance. For more information about the Office of Compliance please
check the Compliance Website by clicking on the FSU Compliance Information
icon at the top of this page, or feel free to contact the Compliance
Office at (850) 644-4272

College Revenues Take a Hit

The Chronicle of Higher Education reported in it’s October 23rd issue that
the average expenditures of the athletic programs in Division I-A rose by
21 percent from 1995 to 1997, while revenues rose by only 15 percent. This
resulted in an average profit margin drop to $437,000 from the 1995 figure
of $1.1 million.

A study done for the NCAA by Daniel Fulks of Transylvania University,
reported drops in all of Division I and II as well. The average
non-Division I-A athletic department lost money, even with institutional

Seventy-one percent of Division I-A football programs reported a profit, a
gain of four percent from two years ago, with the average profit being
nearly $5 million. Twenty-nine percent of programs losing money, lost on
average a little over $1 million, also an increase from 1995. The study
suggests this is a pattern of further separation between the have’s and the
have-not’s in big-time college athletics.

Mr. Fulks theorized that one factor may have been that growth in ticket
sales and television may have not kept pace with increasing costs.
Programs not in I-A, survive mainly on student-activity fees, not ticket
revenue. Another factor mentioned was the efforts by colleges to expand
the number of women’s sports to comply with federal sex-discrimination
laws. Higher participation numbers have also increased expenditure levels.
Murray Sperber, author of College Sports Inc.: The Athletic Department
Versus the University, stated that he felt the deficits had not grown, but
that the athletics department’s accounting had become more honest.
Mr. Fulks did not feel that misleading accounting was the problem, but felt
that some expenses like facilities maintenance and insurance were
“suspect”, and that some uniformity was needed in accounting and reporting.
The average Division I-A athletic department, excluding institutional
support, lost $823,000. The average Division I-AA school (once again
excluding institutional support) lost $1,962,000, and even with university
funding, lost $743,000.

Expenditures by gender went from a 52%-16% (men to women) split in 1995, to
48%-18% in 1997 (with the remaining percentage in non-gender specific

National Letters of Intent

Now that the November 11th to 18th early signing period is rolling
around, it is a good time to review some of the NLI information. Financial
aid forms may be included in the normal NLI mailing, but must not be signed
by the prospect prior to the initial signing date in that sport. However,
it is allowable to indicate to a prospect that an athletically related
grant-in-aid will be forthcoming.

In regards to permissible publicity surrounding the signing of a
prospect, it must be remembered that media entities are not allowed at any
time during the recruiting of a prospect. Additionally, no comments
regarding the ability of the prospect, or contribution potential to the
team are allowed. Nor are any comments allowed to the media regarding the
chance of a prospect signing. Coaches are also restricted in the sense
that they may not evaluate prospects for the upcoming season or seasons for
any news media, scouting service or recruiting services prior to a said
prospect signing his letter of intent.

If the prospect, or prospects, are signing on campus, then the
media is not allowed to attend, as that would be considered prima facie
evidence of institutional involvement. However, if the prospect is signing
off campus, he or she may arrange a press conference on their own to
announce the event. A prospect may not be interviewed during the broadcast
or telecast of an institution’s intercollegiate contest. The prospect may
be photographed during the campus visit, by the institution, for future use
in permissible publicity and promotional activities, but the photo may not
be given to the prospect.

Football Player claims Religious Discrimination

Zola Davis, a reciever at the University of South Carolina was
penalized by a referee for kneeling and pointing to the sky after scoring a
touchdown. The player, backed by his coach, is requesting a clarification
from the SEC officials in regards to penalties against religious displays.
The NCAA stated that such displays are OK as long as they are not
“excessive” in nature.

From the Interpretation File

Bylaw Promotions. Institutions, conferences, and
non-institutional charitable, educational or non-profit agencies, may use a
student-athlete’s name, picture or appearance to support its charitable or
educational activities, if the following provisions are met: The
student-athlete must have written permission from the Athletic Director; It
can not be an advertisement by a commercial agency; The student-athlete can
not miss class; All cash derived from the activity must go directly to the
member institution or the charitable, educational or non-profit agency; The
student-athlete may accept legitimate and normal expenses; Finally, the
student-athlete and an authorized representative of the charitable,
educational or non-profit agency must sign a release statement ensuring
that the student-athlete’s name or image is used in a manner consistent
with this bylaw.

Contest Questions

1) A student-athlete is allowed to permit the use of his name or picture
in a “name-the-player” contest conducted by a commercial business for the
purpose of promoting that business.

a) True

b) False

2) A Division I institution may host and promote an athletics contest
between two professional teams as a fund-raising activity for the

a) True

b) False

Please submit your answers to the Compliance Office by November 30.

……In the News

The NCAA Video conference is scheduled for November 12. The NCAA
membership services staff will conduct a video conference for Division I
and II athletics administrators and coaches on Thursday, November 12. The
intent of this conference is to review the Fall Management Council
meetings, to discuss proposed and current legislation, and to address other
topics of interest.

The video conference will be conducted from 12 noon to 2 pm Eastern time.
Information about the video conference can be located at www.ncaa.org.
A question-and-answer format will be built into the program. The call-in
number will be 800/289-0437.

NCAA staff members on the video conference will include Stephen A.
Mallonee, director of membership services; and Robin J. Green, assistant
chief of staff for Division I.

The video conference can be accessed only by a steerable or moveable
satellite dish. It is not available through Primestar, DirecTV or other
such services.

Gambling Survey results – The first annual Florida State University
Gambling Symposium was held on September 17th and 18th and was met with a
great response from both student-athletes, coaches and administrators
alike. According to the survey collected by graduate assistant Jason Hall,
Kevin Pendergast was the overwhelming favorite speaker as reported by all
groups. Bobby Jay was the next favorite speaker as reported by
student-athletes, while Bill Saum of the NCAA was the administrators second
choice. A number of respondents felt that the symposium might have been a
little long, while the majority of administrators felt it was “just right”.
And while the vast majority felt that the symposium was worthwhile, the
student-athletes said that they did not feel they would need to attend such
a symposium in the future.

Parent – Agent Day – Throughout the year, the Florida State Athletic
Department and Professional Sports Counseling Panel are organizing and
conducting a number of educational seminars for student-athletes. Some of
the areas covered are: Providing advice on a potential professional career
(many juniors and seniors have taken, or are currently taking a class
titled “Careers in Professional Sports”); Providing information on
purchasing insurance against a disabling injury; Providing access to
representatives of professional sports to assist juniors and seniors
determine their market value; Holding Player-Agent day (to assist in the
future selection of an agent or financial advisor); and finally discussing
NCAA agent regulations and the State of Florida Athlete Agent Law.

This Saturday, November 7th, in conjunction with the FSU-Virginia game and
Parent’s Weekend activities, materials concerning all of the above will be
provided for player’s family members at 11:00 am in the Moore Athletic
Center. Additionally, there will be a featured guest speaker. Joe Cribbs,
former NFL running back with the Buffalo Bills, and former All-American
from Auburn University, and currently a financial planner with his own
business (Joe Cribbs and Associates), will speak about his role in helping
athletes invest money. If you have any questions please contact

Phone Logs

Coaches – Don’t forget that Phone logs are due on the first of
every month and considered late after November 5th. If you have any
questions or problems, please contact the Compliance Office. Thank you for
your cooperation.

Recruiting Calendar


Men’s Basketball

1-8……………………………… Quiet Period

9-12……………………………… Dead Period

13-18……………………………. Quiet Period

November 19-March 15, 1999; Quiet period except for 40 evaluation days
selected at the discretion of the institution and designated in writing in
the office of the director of athletics; institutional staff members shall
not visit a prospect’s high school on more than one day per week during
this period.

Women’s Basketball

1-7……………………………….. Quiet Period

October 8 – February 28, 1999: Quiet period except for November 9-12 (dead
period) and for 40 evaluation days selected at the discretion of the
institution and designated in writing in the office of the director of
athletics; institutional staff members shall not visit a prospect’s
educational institution on more than one day per week during this period.


June 1 through November 30: Quiet Period, except for nine evaluation days
in September, October and November selected at the discretion of the
institution (an authorized off-campus recruiter may visit a particular high
school only once during this evaluation period).


Mr. Bob Minnix

Associate Athletic

Director for Compliance

Ms. Pennie Parker

Director of Compliance Services

Mr. Brian Battle

Compliance Coordinator

Ms. Xiomara Disla

Graduate Assistant

Ms. Bonnie Doyle

Graduate Assistant

Mr. Reggie Gonser

Graduate Assistant

Mr. Jason Hall

Graduate Assistant

Mr. John Lata

Graduate Assistant

The Interpreter is published by John Lata. All comments should be directed
to The Interpreter, P.O. Drawer 2195, Tallahassee, FL 32316, phone (850)
644-4390, or by e-mail at: JWL5393@garnet.acns.fsu.edu

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